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Internet Television

This is Vudu Spark, Walmart’s very own Chromecast competitor 08 November 2014, 16.59 Internet Television
This is Vudu Spark, Walmart’s very own Chromecast competitor
Nov. 7, 2014 - 12:46 AM PST Nov. 7, 2014 - 12:46 AM PST Add Walmart to the list of companies that’s trying to sell you a Chromecast-like HDMI streaming stick: The retail giant’s Vudu streaming service is getting ready to
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Amazon Prime Instant gets unofficial Chromecast support with Primecast
Nov. 6, 2014 - 1:49 PM PST Nov. 6, 2014 - 1:49 PM PST Amazon Prime Instant is coming to Chromecast at last, thanks to two third-party developers: Amazon’s video streaming service doesn’t officially support Chromecast, but
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Social media and breaking news: Why authenticity trumps authority almost every time
Nov. 6, 2014 - 12:42 PM PST Nov. 6, 2014 - 12:42 PM PST There were a number of panels at the Web Summit in Dublin this week that talked about media and journalism, but the one that included VICE News, Time Inc. and Storyful was
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Aereo imposes large layoffs, but streaming TV service is not shutting down
Nov. 6, 2014 - 12:08 PM PST Nov. 6, 2014 - 12:08 PM PST Aereo’s bad year just got worse. The company said on Thursday that it will shut down its Boston office and lay off 43 employees, citing yet another adverse court ruling
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Does BuzzFeed engage in clickbait? That depends on your definition 08 November 2014, 16.59 Internet Television
Does BuzzFeed engage in clickbait? That depends on your definition
Nov. 7, 2014 - 11:38 AM PST Nov. 7, 2014 - 11:38 AM PST So BuzzFeed editor-in-chief Ben Smith wrote a post on Thursday about clickbait, a post that appears to have been triggered by a dismissive comment that Jon Stewart made
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Earth News Reports

Green Car Reports: Tesla Superchargers, New Hybrids, and Toyota’s First Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle
Share on TumblrEmail What defines a “green car” can be the source of much discussion among environmentalists, advocates, and actual buyers. Every week Green Car Reports shines a light on the industry with
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Swiss Man Breaks Bicycle Speed Record with Insane 207-MPH Rocket Bike
Share on TumblrEmail Imagine reaching 207 mph in just 4.8 seconds – that’s a pretty impressive feat for any vehicle. Now imagine traveling that fast on a bicycle with a rocket strapped to it. Daredevil
Read More 280 Hits 0 Ratings
NASA Tests New Shape-Shifting Flaps to Make Airplanes Greener 12 November 2014, 21.04 Transportation
NASA Tests New Shape-Shifting Flaps to Make Airplanes Greener
Share on TumblrEmail Air travel produces roughly 5 percent of all carbon dioxide emissions, edging us closer to an era of runaway climate change. As part of an ongoing effort to develop greener planes and
Read More 167 Hits 5 Ratings
Classic works of literature turned into beautiful book sculptures 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
Classic works of literature turned into beautiful book sculptures
Impressive art made of carved books. The chosen books are classics and each carving is related to the topic of the book. The series is titles “Fragments of story” and was designed by Tokyo-based artist Tomoko
Read More 165 Hits 0 Ratings
A 3D-printed lamp that will turn your room into a wonderland 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
A 3D-printed lamp that will turn your room into a wonderland
Created by Linlin and Pierre-Yves Jacques, a Paris-based arist couple, this lamp was designed to project some patterns on your wall and turn any room into a beautiful wonderland. The post A 3D-printed lamp that will turn your
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30 beautiful digital artworks for your inspiration 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
30 beautiful digital artworks for your inspiration
In this today’s blog post, we have the collection of 30 beautiful digital artworks for your inspiration. All these artworks are the mixture of stunning photo manipulations, digital illustrations and other amazing digital art
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15 gorgeous free all caps fonts 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
15 gorgeous free all caps fonts
With so much of compelling fonts available in the web, it’s sometimes very difficult to make a decision on which font to choose for your design. Despite of other fancy fonts, capital fonts are also very competent to use for
Read More 162 Hits 0 Ratings
Surreal illustrations by Matthias Leutwyler 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
Surreal illustrations by Matthias Leutwyler
Matthias Leutwyler‘s illustrations look like a mix of drawing, collage and painting. He doesn’t say much about himself, but his work speaks for itself. The post Surreal illustrations by Matthias Leutwyler appeared
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20 well-designed packaging designs 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
20 well-designed packaging designs
Looking for some packaging design inspiration? Then here we introduce you 20 well designed packaging designs that are amazing and high quality artworks from great designers around the globe. Have a look! 1. Pringles packaging
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Art that goes against the frame 12 November 2014, 21.03 Green Architecture
Art that goes against the frame
A cool art project by Steven Guermeur, who decided to break the conventional frame and to make it a part of the artwork. In a fun way, the artist changes the way art is traditionally presented to the world. The post Art that
Read More 184 Hits 0 Ratings

Horoscope by Question Kit


Future News Reports

Obama's War Against US Energy Independence:  Give Away Oil Rich Alaskan Islands to Russia!
  By Joe Miller The Obama administration, despite the nation’s economic woes, effectively killed the job-producing Keystone Pipeline last month. The Arab Spring is turning the oil production of Libya and other Arab
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OSBIT Power's MaXccess system completes successful offshore trials 08 April 2012, 02.33 Administrator Energy
OSBIT Power's MaXccess system completes successful offshore trials
OSBIT Power's MaXccess system completes successful offshore trials Visit for further information OSBIT Power (OP), Siemens Wind Power and Statoil have successfully completed offshore
Read More 2355 Hits 0 Ratings
North America's EV charging infrastructure to get a boost 12 January 2012, 02.01 Administrator Energy
North America's EV charging infrastructure to get a boost
        North America’s EV charging infrastructure may soon see significant improvements, thanks to a recent agreement between Eaton Corporation and Coulomb Technologies. Under the deal, Eaton’s Level II and
Read More 2215 Hits 0 Ratings
Could The Gravitomagnetic Field Be The Ultimate Energy Source? 28 May 2011, 01.34 Administrator Energy
Could The Gravitomagnetic Field Be The Ultimate Energy Source?
      Have scientists already unknowingly discovered the source for all atomic energy reactions, and could the discovery of the gravitomagnetic field be the ultimate energy source?  What if our understandings on how
Read More 5071 Hits 1 Rating
Physicists urge caution over apparent speed of light violation 25 September 2011, 16.27 Administrator Energy
Physicists urge caution over apparent speed of light violation
Physicists wary of junking light speed limit yet Physicist Antonio Ereditato poses before presenting the result of an experiment, which found a subatomic particle, the neutrino, seemed to move faster than the speed of
Read More 3277 Hits 0 Ratings
STEORN ORBO  FREE ENERGY:  What's Next a Self Charging Unit for your Electric Car?
Steorn's Free Energy Orbo -- From Permanent Magnets to Solid State Systems   My associate, Hank Mills composed this for PESN, Saturday, February 12, 2011 6:17 Steorn is a small company based in Dublin, Ireland. For
Read More 5771 Hits 1 Rating
Cold Fusion, Releases Energy from Hydrogen's Gravitomagnetic Field 16 January 2011, 09.17 Administrator Energy
Cold Fusion, Releases Energy  from Hydrogen's Gravitomagnetic Field
Cold Fusion "In Bologna we did it" By Ilaria VENTURI, La Republica News, Bolona, Italy For the first time in Italy, in front of experts, the process was carried out using nickel and hydrogen. It 's the way to achieve
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Abu Dhabi Media Zone to generate renewable energy through its façade
Eco Factor: Sustainable development to generate renewable solar energy. Bernard Tschumi Architects have re-imagined their master plan for the new Abu Dhabi Media Zone, by incorporating several environmentally-friendly
Read More 2938 Hits 1 Rating


Change The World!

Latest Published Articles



Surf scientists develop SmartPhin against ocean acidification PDF Print E-mail

06 November 2014 | Environment

SmartPhin: a surfboard fin that measures ocean acidification | Photo: BoardFormula

Benjamin Thompson, founder of BoardFormula, had decided to invest his time and engineering knowledge in the protection of the environment and oceans. But how could he do it while riding waves?

SmartPhin answers that tricky question. Imagine thousands of surfers across the globe gathering and sharing information about their local breaks, and working cooperatively to fight global warming and ocean acidification.

The innovative project is competing in the Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPrize, a two-million dollar race to create pH sensor technology that will affordably and accurately measure ocean acidification.

SmartPhin is more than just a surfboard fin. This multi-sensor hardware device is ready to collect information the moment you touch the water so that scientists can establish comparisons over time, in different regions of the planet.

Thompson believes in what he is doing, and SmartPhin will definitely hit the market. If you own a smartphone with Bluetooth technology and are willing to help understand how oceans evolve and can be protected, get ready. The Scripps Institution of Oceanography in Sand Diego is already testing the surfboard fin.

  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
Special crystal opens way to underwater breathing PDF Print E-mail

04 November 2014 | Environment

Breathing underwater: say goodbye to never-ending wave hold-downs | Photo: Creative Commons

Remember the Aquaman? The DC Comics superhero may jump from the comic books to real life. The ultimate breathing treasure is in the making. It's crystal clear.

"A few grains contain enough oxygen for one breath, and as the material can absorb oxygen from the water around the diver and supply the diver with it, the diver will not need to bring more than these few grains," explains Christine McKenzie, researcher at Danish institution.

"When the substance is saturated with oxygen, it can be compared to an oxygen tank containing pure oxygen under pressure - the difference is that this material can hold three times as much oxygen."

Big wave surfers, scuba divers, and surf rescue teams are among those who would benefit from the discovery. A spoonful of the breathing crystal, which uses cobalt, is enough for a couple of minutes underwater.

And you won't need more than a handful because the material will keep absorbing oxygen from the water. To put things into perspective, ten litres of the material are enough to absorb all the oxygen in a room.

Once the oxygen has been absorbed you can keep it stored in the material until you want to release it. The oxygen can be released by gently heating the material or subjecting it to low oxygen pressures.

Crystals are black when they are saturated with oxygen and pink when the oxygen has been released again.

  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
Where Humans Have Made the Oceans Most Acidic PDF Print E-mail

Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, humans have driven the world's oceans to become 30 percent more acidic. The oceans absorb about a quarter of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere each year—a volume that has skyrocketed in recent decades—which in turn raises their acidity. Your city's cars and power plants are making the ocean's pH drop, in other words.

That's the widely-accepted theory, anyway. Ocean acidification has been examined in a number of regions (in some parts of the Pacific, the ocean is already so acidic it's dissolving sea snails' shells) and extensively modeled. But we lacked a comprehensive, data-supported picture of what the phenomenon looked like on a global scale. 

Enter Columbia University's Taro Takahashi and his team, who have just published research that paints "the most comprehensive picture yet of how acidity levels vary across the world’s oceans," and presents the results in a series of detailed maps.

"I started out from a neutral point to prove or disprove whether that information was correct or not," he told me in an interview. "What I found was that it was being acidified according to the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere."

No surprise there—but, as Takahashi says, it's "good to know" for sure, so we can plan for the future.

"The main point is that I am laying a foundation, in 2005, of where the ocean was," Dr. Takahashi said. Until now, "there was no global observation of data." 

The ocean's pH levels in 2005—red is a mellow alkaline, purple is acidic as hell.

So, Takahashi analyzed four decades' worth of ocean data to better pinpoint where the acidity was greatest. The Indian Ocean, it turns out, is ten percent more acidic than average. And colder oceans near the poles are acidifying far more rapidly than temperate ones. Waters near Iceland as well as the Antarctic Ocean, for instance, are acidifying at an astonishing rate of five percent per decade. 

Right now, his research suggests that the Bering Strait is the most acidic place on Earth during the winter.

So why does this matter? Marine ecosystems can tolerate small pH drops; they're used to some acid swings. But when oceans get too acidic, they can prevent shellfish from forming shells, or result in deadly coral bleaching, for example. In the Arctic Ocean, which we now know is becoming much more acidic, levels of the mineral aragonite have fallen, which makes it harder for tiny, bottom-of-the-food-chain sea snails to grow—thus decreasing the food supply for Arctic fish. 

Levels of aragonite in the oceans—some sea creatures need this stuff to grow their shells.

And while no scientist can be sure what, exactly, will happen as the oceans absorb even more CO2, we're heading towards a tipping point where oceans will be more acidic more of the time.

"Ocean acidity changes seasonally up and down," Takahashi told me, "so the marine ecosystem is used to fluctuations in acidity. But by 2050, it's going outside of the normal seasonal changes." 

And that's when we could see some serious problems. His findings are in line with those of Europe's Environment Agency, which also found that beginning around 2050, marine animals like coral would have serious trouble growing

Takahashi stresses that as with the CO2 rise in the atmosphere, there will be winners and losers in the marine world, and that it's impossible to predict what will shake out. But he still sounds concerned.

"We should take care of our oceans. Many human lives rely on it," he told me. "We don't want to see a catastrophic change in the oceans; that would have a dramatic effect on human life."

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  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
Look What We've Done to the World's Oceans PDF Print E-mail

The massive amount of CO2 we’re pumping into the atmosphere isn’t just warming the climate — a quarter of it ends up in the oceans, where it works to lower the waters’ pH level. The oceans have become 30 percent more acidic over the past 200 years as a result of human activity, a phenomenon that’s already harming coral reefs, dissolving the shells of sea snails, an important part of the marine food chain, and threatening fisheries.

Eventually, the world’s going to be forced to take notice: according to a report from the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity, the cost of acidification on lost ecosystem protections alone could top $3 trillion annually by the end of this century.

The above map comes from researchers at Columbia’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, and it shows what they call the “most comprehensive picture yet of how acidity levels vary across the world’s oceans”: both an indication of what’s happening now on a global scale and a benchmark to which we can compare further change. The team analyzed four decades’ worth of data to come up with this picture of the ocean’s state in 2005.

Acidity varies with season, but as a whole, they found that the Indian Ocean is at least 10 percent more acidic than the Atlantic and Pacific. And during wintertime, the Bering Strait — that purple area on the map — earns the distinction of being the most acidic region on Earth. To see how that plays out for marine life, the researchers also mapped concentrations of the mineral aragonite, which is essential to sea snails, and which tends to drop as acidification worsens:

“This is exactly what we’d expect based on how much CO2 we’ve been putting in the air,” said the NOAA’s Rik Wanninkhof, who was not involved in the study, in a statement. “This is an important point for scientists to underscore — these calculations are not magic.”

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  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
Maya Tolstoy: Seafloor Volcano and Earthquake Scientist PDF Print E-mail

tolstoy.jpgYou'll find Maya Tolstoy, PhD both on land and on the ocean floor. An Associate Professor in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia, University, she is also a marine geophysicist, who specializes in seafloor earthquakes AND volcanoes. Dr. Tolstoy has participated in 31 ocean-going expeditions - leading or co-leading more than half of them. In 2005, she was part of director James Cameron's expedition that filmed the 3-D Imax documentary "Aliens of the Deep." Does Maya have plenty to share? You betcha!

Listen Now:

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  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
The U.S. and China Announce New Actions to Reduce Carbon Pollution PDF Print E-mail

By John Podesta & John Holdren
The White House Blog

Today in Beijing, President Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping made history by jointly announcing the United States’ and China’s respective targets for reducing the greenhouse gas emissions driving climate change in the post-2020 period.

This announcement is a unique development in the U.S.-China relationship. The world’s two largest economies, energy consumers, and carbon emitters are reaching across traditional divides and working together to demonstrate leadership on an issue that affects the entire world.

By making this announcement well in advance of the deadline set out in the UNFCCC negotiations, the two leaders demonstrated their commitment to reducing the harmful emissions warming our planet, and urged other world leaders to follow suit in offering strong national targets ahead of next year’s final negotiations in Paris.

President Obama believes we have a moral obligation to take action on climate change, and that we cannot leave our children a planet beyond their capacity to repair. Over the last year, a spate of scientific studies have laid out the scope and scale of the challenge we face in the starkest of terms. “Climate change, once considered an issue for a distant future, has moved firmly into the present,” says the U.S. National Climate Assessment. “Without additional mitigation efforts…warming by the end of the 21st century will lead to high to very high risk of severe, widespread, and irreversible impacts globally,” the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concludes.

In Copenhagen in 2009, President Obama pledged that the United States would reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in the range of 17 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. We’re on track to meet that goal while growing the economy and creating jobs, thanks to the historic fuel economy standards enacted during the President’s first term; the measures to reduce carbon pollution, deploy more clean energy, and boost energy efficiency through the President’s Climate Action Plan; and the leadership demonstrated by a growing number of U.S. businesses, who have increased their investment in clean technologies and pledged to phase down the potent greenhouse gases known as HFCs.

After 2020, the United States will reduce its net greenhouse gas emissions to 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025. This goal is both ambitious and achievable, grounded in an intensive analysis of what actions can be taken under existing law, and will double the pace of carbon pollution reduction in the United States from the pre-2020 period. It also means the United States is doing its part to contain warming to 2 degrees Celsius, though achieving that global outcome will require global ambition and commitments from all economies.

Chinese President Xi announced for the first time his intention to peak Chinese CO2 emissions around 2030, and further committed to make best efforts to peak early. China also announced a target of expanding the share of zero-emission sources in primary energy, namely renewables and nuclear, to 20% by 2030. To achieve that goal, China will have to deploy an additional 800-1,000 gigawatts of zero-emission generation capacity by 2030, about the same as all their current coal-fired capacity and nearly as much as the total installed capacity in the U.S. energy sector today.

“There’s one issue that will define the contours of this century more dramatically than any other,” President Obama said in September. “And that is the urgent and growing threat of a changing climate.”

Today in Beijing, the leaders of the world’s two largest economies — and the world’s two biggest emitters — stood together and committed to tackling that threat head-on. If other leaders follow suit, if more businesses step up, if we keep our level of ambition high, we can build the safer, cleaner, healthier, and more prosperous world future generations deserve.

John Podesta is Counselor to President Barack Obama. John Holdren is the President’s science advisor.

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  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
Why U.S. and China agreed on climate change action PDF Print E-mail



GWEN IFILL: We look more closely now at President Obama’s China meetings in two parts.

First, secret talks began months ago that led to that historic agreement between the two countries on cutting greenhouse gases. But, today, there are still plenty of questions about how it will play out here, in China and globally and whether either side will be able to deliver on its pledges.

Michael Oppenheimer is one of the many authors of the U.N. reports on climate change and a professor of geosciences and international affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University.

Welcome back to the “NewsHour.” 

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER, Professor of Geosciences and International Affairs, Princeton University:  Thanks for having me.

GWEN IFILL: How big a deal is this deal?

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: This huge, as far as I’m concerned. And there are basically three reasons.

One, the science. The science tells us that to have a chance of avoiding the climate danger zone, we have got to get the world’s emissions turned around — that is, going down, instead of going up — some time in the 2020 to 2030 time span. The Chinese benchmark here of 2030 is consistent with that objective.

The second reason is that if you get China and the U.S. in the room, you have about 45 percent of global greenhouse, global warming emissions. If you add in the E.U., which is already on the downward direction in terms of emissions, you have got about 60 percent of the emissions. Think about the leadership factor involved in that.

Other countries will have a harder time avoiding dealing with climate change with the three 800-pound gorillas together. And the third reason is if China in particular is going to do this, and also the U.S., they’re going to have to go big into the renewable energy markets, where they have already staked out a position. That is going to help expand the markets, bring down the price of renewable energy, make it easier for everybody else to do this.

GWEN IFILL: How did China come around on this? Was it domestic pressure, was it international pressure?

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: With China, it is primarily domestic pressure. It’s a realization, number one, they have a terrible air pollution problem, which has become a political issue. They have to do something about that.

At the same time, they have got exposure to the climate change problem. And they’re worried about their energy security issues. So they have been looking to diversify their energy sources. And, as part of that, that means getting off the fossil fuels, which have been so dominant in the Chinese economy, for instance, coal.

GWEN IFILL: So these two presidents shaking hands, it was kind of essential in that one cannot do it without the other.

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: They really need each other if they are going to deal with climate change.

And I think it’s very interesting that they have decided that among the panoply of issues that they could reach agreement on, this is one where they have enough of a common interest and enough of an intention that they are serious about moving forward.

GWEN IFILL: Well, there certainly are a lot of issues on the table. And this is one where something happened.

But how hard is it for either country to meets these targets they have set for themselves, especially — let’s start with China. How hard is it for China to meet these, for instance, peak emission targets?

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: For China, it’s ambitious. There’s no doubt about it. But China has shown an ability to move quickly on energy.

Over the last 10 or 15 years, they have taken over the global production of photovoltaic cell solar energy and they have taken over virtually the global production of wind turbines. And in that way, they have helped other countries, particularly Germany, drive down their own emissions because they have been able to sell these products cheaply. So they can make a decision, and then they can implement it.

So I have no doubt that if this remains a political priority, China will be able to meet this goal.

GWEN IFILL: Well, talking about political priorities, let’s come back here to the United States, where already we have heard Republican Senator Mitch McConnell saying today this is not going to work. China is getting the deal. We’re going to get — we’re going to get caught on the short end of that stick. Can the political will fall short here?

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: I think that that’s getting it backwards. Namely, for China, this is going to be tougher than it is for the U.S.

For the U.S., what it means is staying the course on the regulations and the laws that are already in place and then stretching those laws a little further to implement some new regulations. So we’re already on the downward glide path. This means staying focused. And we can do it with technologies and measures that are already known and available.

GWEN IFILL: But what if the political winds shift the other way, which it looks like many people want them to, away from staying the course?

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: It could happen. One could envision the election of a president that isn’t as friendly to doing something about this issue as Obama is.

GWEN IFILL: Or a Congress, as just happened.

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: Well, it already happened.

But you have to realize that once we set a national priority to move emissions down, the public is in favor of it. Every survey indicates that the public is in favor of strong action. They’re waiting for leadership. And on top of that now, we have got China and the U.S. having mutually agreed to do this. It won’t be easy, no matter who the president is, to back off a deal that they have made with China, when there is a whole constellation of issues that we are reaching agreement on with China.

GWEN IFILL: And a whole constellation of countries watching this action. Which ones would you be watching most closely?

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: I would watch India.

They are the next big developing country that hasn’t really taken much of an interest in this issue. They’re critical because their emissions are expected to grow quite a bit in the future. If this agreement is actually implemented, it will go a long way to dragging India in, or maybe pulling them in with a little help, into doing something about climate change.

And then beyond that, we have looked at countries like Brazil, Indonesia, et cetera.

GWEN IFILL: Michael Oppenheimer of Princeton, thank you very much.

MICHAEL OPPENHEIMER: Thanks for having me here.

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  Section:  Articles - File Under:  Earth  |  
#Ebola outbreak: deaths exceed 5000, WHO says PDF Print E-mail

More than 5,000 people have died in the Ebola outbreak, which was first identified in Guinea in March, the World Health Organization reported Wednesday, marking another grisly toll in the epidemic.

This is the largest Ebola outbreak ever recorded, with more than 14,000 people sickened, the vast majority in the West African countries of Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.

There are some signs that the rate of new infections may be slowing overall in Guinea and Liberia, but they are surging in Sierra Leone, the health agency said Wednesday, and there are still areas of Liberia and Guinea where transmission remains high. While the response to Ebola is ramping up, it is still insufficient: In Sierra Leone, for instance, less than 40 per cent of cases are in isolation, according to WHO estimates.

Worryingly, the virus has continued to pop up in new places, both within the most affected countries and outside their borders. The most recent example is three deaths believed to be linked to a new Ebola cluster that Malian authorities reported Wednesday. It is an alarming setback as the country tries to limit the epidemic ravaging other West African countries.

A nurse working at a clinic in the Malian capital died Tuesday, and tests later showed she had Ebola, Communications Minister Mahamadou Camara said Wednesday. Two other people are also believed to have died of Ebola, though no tests were ever done on them to confirm the disease: an imam, whom the nurse treated at the Bamako clinic, and a friend who came to visit the man there.

Dozens of patients monitored in Mali

Health officials began monitoring dozens of patients, hospital employees and family members — including UN peacekeepers who were being treated at the clinic. They were also searching this capital city of about 2 million for those who helped prepare the body of one of the victims for burial before it was known that the corpse might be highly contagious.

At least 75 people are under quarantine following the new cases in Bamako, including patients and staff from the hospital, said Ousmane Doumbia, secretary-general for the Malian health ministry. Several of the patients under quarantine are troops serving in the country's UN peacekeeping force who were being treated for wounds at the clinic, the force said in a statement.

The announcement of the new cases came just a day after Malian health authorities said there had been no other reported cases — let alone deaths — since a 2-year-old girl who had travelled to Mali from Guinea succumbed to the virus in late October.

The imam who lived in a small community near Guinea's border with Mali came to the Clinique Pasteur on Oct. 25 late at night. The man, 70, was so ill he could not speak or give information about his symptoms, according to the head of the clinic.

"His family did not give us all the information that would have led us to suspect Ebola," Dramane Maiga told The Associated Press.

One of his wives, a son and a brother are all being treated at an Ebola clinic in Gueckedou, Guinea. Two other family members also have died from an "undiagnosed disease" as well, WHO said.

The man was being treated for kidney failure at the Bamako hospital, officials said. The condition can result from a number of kidney diseases, but is also a symptom of late-stage Ebola, when vital organs begin to shut down.

"Because of his religious status as a Grand Imam, his body was transported to a mosque in Bamako for a ritual washing ceremony," the World Health Organization said Wednesday. "The body was then returned to the native village of Kouremale for formal funeral and burial ceremonies. Although these events are still under investigation, WHO staff assume that many mourners attended the ceremonies."

The nurse, meanwhile, was hospitalized on Saturday though hospital officials did not alert the health ministry until Monday morning. Health officials did not arrive at the clinic until 6 p.m. and by the time the test results came back on Tuesday, the 25-year-old nurse was already dead, said Maiga.

The new Ebola cases come just as public health officials started to think Mali had avoided the worst. The cases are stark reminders that the disease is hard to track and the entire West Africa region remains vulnerable as long as there are cases anywhere.

The World Health Organization said the last confirmed cases of Ebola in Mali are not linked to the country's original case in a young girl.

The cases "arise from independent chains of transmission involving different villages and different families across the border in Guinea," the UN public health agency said Wednesday.

Health workers strike at southern Sierra Leone's Ebola clinic

About 50 other people who had possible contact with the girl remain under observation in Kayes, 600 kilometres from Bamako. They will be released from quarantine on Nov. 16 if they don't show symptoms.

Elsewhere, more than 400 health workers at the only Ebola treatment centre in southern Sierra Leone went on strike on Wednesday over unpaid risk allowances the government is meant to fund, officials said.

The basic salaries of staff at Bandajuma are paid by medical charity Doctors Without Borders, which runs the clinic.

A representative of the striking workers, Mohamed Mbawah, said the government had not paid risk allowances since September.

The government was not immediately available for comment. MSF said in a statement that the cause of
the strike had been "resolved."

The clinic in Bandajuma in Bo district has about 60 beds for Ebola patients or about a fifth of Sierra Leone's total Ebola beds.

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#Ebola death toll up 200 since Friday, WHO figures show PDF Print E-mail

The World Health Organisation said on Wednesday that 5,160 people had died of Ebola in eight countries out of 14,098 cases of infection.

The WHO has acknowledged that the number of deaths is probably far higher, given that the fatality rate in the current outbreak is known to be about 70%.

The toll has risen from 4,960 deaths and 13,268 cases on Friday.

The outbreak appeared to be spreading in Mali, with four Ebola cases – all fatal – confirmed or suspected in that country.

The deadliest Ebola outbreak in history continues to affect Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone the most.

Ebola cases

The WHO said 2,836 deaths had been recorded in Liberia, out of a total of 6,822 cases. In Sierra Leone, 1,169 people had died from 5,368 cases. In Guinea, there were 1,142 deaths from 1,878 cases.

Nigeria had eight deaths and 20 cases, while Senegal had one case and no deaths. Both totals remained unchanged in the latest WHO figures and both countries have been declared Ebola free.

In Mali, the WHO reported three additional Ebola deaths, but said they were not linked to the only other case and death recorded in the country – that of a two-year-old girl from Guinea.

There has been one case of infection in Spain, where an infected nurse has recovered.

In the US, four Ebola cases have been recorded and one person – a Liberian – had died from the virus.

Ebola, one of the deadliest known viruses, is spread only through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person showing symptoms such as fever or vomiting.

People caring for the sick or handling the bodies of people infected with Ebola are particularly exposed. The WHO said 564 healthcare workers were known to have contracted the virus, and 320 of them had died.

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